BY NANGAYI GUYSON – Maputo – Authorities in Mozambique have arrested at least 150 people over last week’s riots in which 10 people were killed, the country’s state-run radio reported on Monday.
According to Reuters, police spokesperson Joaquim Selemane was quoted saying police were attempting to identify the ringleaders of the protests, which were organised by cell phone text messages and which left hundreds of people injured.
He told reporters that 142 people “were arrested for burning tyres and property destruction plus six suspected of sending text messages” to incite the protests.
A 30% rise in the price of bread has sparked anger in one of the world’s poorest countries, but the government has said it is helpless in the face of soaring global wheat prices.
Drought and fires in Russia, which had been the world’s No 3 wheat exporter, and a decision by the Russian government to extend a grain export ban until late 2011, have helped to boost benchmark US wheat prices by more than 25% this year.
Analysts say food prices will further stoke inflation which surged to more than 14% in June from decade lows last year of close to 3% but they expect investor appetite to remain undiminished for the country’s natural resources.
“I really do not think it is going to affect investor sentiment in the longer term. The investments there are mostly in big projects like coal and gas,” said Christie Viljoen, an economist at NKC Independent Economists.
However,Opposition parties and human rights groups have criticised the government, saying it failed to gauge the anger that would be unleashed by the 30% bread price rise and increases in water and electricity tariffs.
Although Mozambique is one of the fastest growing economies in Africa, it has never fully recovered from its civil war, which ended in 1992. Income disparities are glaring and poverty remains gut wrenching.
Egyptians also protested over food prices in recent months, and analysts have been warning that riots could follow the jump in food prices in Africa and the Middle East.
There were global food protests and riots in 2008 when the price of wheat and other farm commodities climbed steeply.