Prosecutor Files New Applications for Referral of Cases to Rwanda

Source ICTR – The Prosecutor of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for    Rwanda,  Justice  Hassan  B.  Jallow, on 4 November 2010 filed three new   applications  for  the referral of the cases of three accused persons to  Rwanda  for  trial  under  Rule  11  bis.  The  cases  are  of detainee, Jean-Bosco Uwinkindi, a former Pastor in Charge of Pentecostal Church in Kanzanze  commune and the fugitives Fulgence Kayishema, former Inspector Police  in  Kivumo  commune and Charles Sikubwabo, former Bourgmestre of Gishyita,  Kibuye  Prefecture. In his last  report  to  the Security Council,  delivered on 18 June 2010, the Prosecutor informed the Council that he would soon be filing these applications.

Uwinkindi  was arrested in Uganda at the end of June 2010. He is charged with   the  crimes  of  genocide,  conspiracy  to  commit  genocide  and extermination  as crime against humanity. The indictment alleges that he committed  these  crimes  in  Kigali-Rural Préfecture, between April and   July   1994.  The  attacks,  in  which  Uwinkindi  is  alleged  to  have participated,  including the massacre at Kayenzi Church, resulted in the deaths of thousands of innocent victims.

The  indictment  charges  Fulgence  Kayishema  with  genocide, or in the alternative,  complicity  in genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide and extermination  as a crime against humanity. The massacres giving rise to his  indictment  were  committed  in  Kivumu commune, Kibuye Préfecture, during  the Rwandan genocide of 1994. It is alleged that he participated in  the  killing of more than 2000 Tutsi civilians who had sought refuge at the Nyange church. His charges are on the same factual bases as those previously  leveled  against  Seromba,  Ndahimana  and  others  who were accused of atrocities in the Kibuye region of Rwanda in 1994.

Charles  Sikubwabo  faces  two  indictments  issued  by the ICTR. In one indictment,  he  was  jointly  charged  with  father  and son, Elizaphan Ntakirutimana  and  Dr.  Gérard  Ntakirutimana, respectively. Because he remains   at   large,   his   trial  was  separated  from  that  of  the Ntakirutimanas, who were subsequently convicted and sentenced. The first indictment  charges him with genocide or, in the alternative, complicity in  genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, and crimes against humanity in  relation to the massacre at the Mugonero Complex, Kibuye Préfecture, where  hundreds of Tutsi men, women and children were killed and a large number  of others wounded. The second indictment relates to massacres at the  Church in Mubuga  and  in  the  area  of  Bisesero, all in Kibuye   Préfecture, Rwanda during 1994. The massacres resulted in the deaths of thousands  of victims, mainly Tutsis and numerous injuries to men, women and children.  The  Prosecutor’s application seeks the referral of both his indictments to Rwanda.

This  is  the  second  time  the  Prosecutor  files applications for the referral  of  cases  to  Rwanda  for  trial.  Late  in  2007,  he  filed applications  for  the  referral  of  the  cases  of 4 detainees and one fugitive. All applications failed because the Trial Chambers were of the view  that  the  accused  would  not  receive fair trials in Rwanda as a result of some of the laws in existence in the country at that time.